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[GATE NOTES] Surveying – GATE, IES, Govt Exams – Handwritten Notes – Free Download PDF

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SURVEYING

GATE – IES – GOVT EXAMS – HANDWRITTEN NOTE

ACE ACADEMY TRAINING NOTES

FREE DOWNLOAD PDF

Surveying ACE GATE Handwritten Notes Free Download PDF CivilEnggForAll

CIVILENGGFORALL

TITLE : SURVEYING – GATE/IES/OTHER GOVT EXAMS HANDWRITTEN MATERIAL

 

SUBJECT : SURVEYING

 

IDEAL FOR : GATE,IES, PSU’S – CIVIL ENGINEERING, TSPSC AE/AEE, OTHER CIVIL ENGINEERING GOVERNMENT SECTOR EXAMS.

 

CONTENTS : ALL THE TOPICS UNDER GATE/IES SURVEYING SYLLABUS

 

DOWNLOAD LINKS :


 

Contents

  • Basic concepts
  • Linear measurements
  • Angular measurements
  • Plane table surveying
  • Levelling
  • Contouring
  • Areas and volumes
  • Minor instruments
  • Theodolite
  • Omitted measurements
  • Trigonometircal levelling
  • Tacheometric surveying
  • Curves

Basic concepts of surveying

Objective of surveying :

  1. To take measurements for determining the locations of existing ground features
  2. To mark the positions of objects with respect to assumed datum.
  3. To calculate the related quantities like areas and volumes.

Primary divisions of surveying :

1. Plane surveying :

  • Neglect the curvature of earth
  • distances less than 18.5 kms and areas less than 250 km square.
  • less accurate

2. Geodetic surveying :

  • consider the curvature of earth
  • large areas and more accurate
  • fixing the control points and boundary points if a field.

Classification of surveying :

Based on function :

  • Control surveying
  • Land surveying
  • City surveying
  • Engineering surveying
  • Topographic surveying
  • Geological surveying
  • Archaelogical surveying
  • Astronomical surveying
  • Hydrographic surveying
  • Gravity surveying
  • Mining surveying
  • Military surveying
  • Satellite surveying





Topographic surveying : It is carried out to the features such as hills, rivers, forests and man made features like villages, buildings, transmission lines and roads.

Hydrographic surveying : Related with water bodies like low water level, high flood level etc.
Gravity surveying : Fluctuation of gravity value from place to place

Based on instruments:

  • Chain surveying
  • Compass surveying
  • Plane table surveying
  • Levelling surveying
  • Theodolite surveying
  • Photogrammetry
  • EDM – Electronic distance measuring equipment

Trialateration is the process if measuring the sides of a triangle with the help of EDMs

Principles of surveying :

  • To locate the point with respect to two known points
  • Working from the whole to the part but not from part to the whole.

Accumulation of errors can be reduced.

Basic measurements in surveying :

  • Horizontal distance : Done by chain, tape , tacheometer, total stations.
  • Vertical distance : Level, total station, tachometer, sextant, Abbey level.
  • Horizontal angle : Compass, theodolite, clinometer, total station.
  • Vertical angle : Theodolite, sextant and total stations.
  • Principle of compass surveying : Direction of a line can be measured.





Types of meridian :
1. True meridian : It is at a point a grade circle passing through the geographical north and south pole of earths surface.
2. Magnetic meridian : It is a direction shown by a magnetic north when it is freely suspended.
3. Grid meridian : It is a reference line established by state governments in the middle of the state for their projects in various departments.
4. Arbitrary meridian : It is a local reference point taken for measurements.

 

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DOWNLOAD LINK : SURVEYING – GATE/IES/GOVT EXAMS – ACE ACADEMY HANDWRITTEN NOTES – FREE DOWNLOAD PDF – CIVILENGGFORALL 






 

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Chain surveying civil notes

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Photogrammetry civil notes

EDM – Electronic distance measuring equipment civil notes

Control surveying civil notes

Land surveying civil notes

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Geological surveying civil notes

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Angular measurements civil notes

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Levelling civil notes

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Areas and volumes civil notes

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Omitted measurement civil notes

Trigonometircal levelling civil notes

Tacheometric surveying civil notes

Curves civil notes

 

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